Hampshire’s Transport Plan

Evidence Base - Policy Review

June 2020

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Executive Summary

This document sets out the policy framework within which Hampshire’s fourth Local Transport Plan (LTP4) needs to be developed, covering national, sub-national and local policy documents.

Figure A Hampshire LTP4 policy context

National policies

Figure B Key national policies

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Figure C Summary of national policy context

Sub-national policies

Figure D Summary of sub-national policy context

TfSE = Transport for South East

SEP = Strategic Economic Plan

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Local policies

Figure E Summary of local policy context

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1. Introduction

This policy review identifies the drivers for change, and the context within which the Hampshire LTP4 needs to be developed. It covers national, sub-national, and local policy documents.

The focus is on high-level policy documents that deal with broad policy issues relating to economic growth and development, environment and planning, transport, and society (health and communities), that will need to be reflected in the vision and objectives of the LTP.

Key policy documents reviewed are summarised in Figure 1.

Figure 1 Hampshire LTP4 policy context

The following sections of this report summarise the key themes and issues relating to four categories of policy at the national, sub-national, and local level:

economic policy and growth;

transport;

environment and planning;

society (communities and health).

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2. National Policies

2.1Overview

Figure 2 Key national policies

Relevant national policies and key themes are summarised in Table 1 and and Figure 3.

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Table 1 National policies and key themes

Key policy documents

Key themes

 

 

Economic policy and growth

 

 

 

Industrial Strategy: Building a

Transport investment to connect people, goods, and businesses.

 

Britain fit for the future (2017)

Maximising the potential of technology to deliver a more

Clean Growth Strategy: Leading

sustainable transport system

 

the way to a low carbon future

Accelerating the shift to low carbon transport, as part of a clean

 

(2017)

growth strategy.

Housing White Paper: Fixing our

Supporting housing growth.

 

broken housing market (2017)

 

 

 

Transport

 

 

 

DfT's Single Departmental Plan

Create a safe, secure, efficient and reliable transport system that

 

(2019)

works for the people who depend on it; supporting a strong,

Transport Investment Strategy

productive economy and the provision of the jobs and homes

 

(2017)

people need.

Decarbonising Transport: Setting

No plausible path to net zero without major transport emissions

 

the Challenge (2020)

reductions, beyond current plans. Will require changes to

Future of Mobility: Urban Strategy

people’s behaviours, including encouraging more active travel

 

(2019)

and the use of public transport, alongside increasing the uptake of

Walking and Cycling Investment

zero emission vehicles and new technologies.

 

Strategy (2017)

Maximising the benefits from transport innovation in cities and

Consultation on a review of The

towns in a way that encourages sustainable travel and reduces

 

Highway Code (2020)

congestion.

Gear change: a bold vision for

Make cycling and walking the natural choice for shorter journeys,

 

cycling and walking (2020)

or as part of a longer journey. Targets: Double cycling activity by

Connecting people: a strategic

2025; Increase walking to 300 stages per person per year;

Increase the percentage of children aged 5 to 10 that usually walk

 

vision for rail (2017)

 

to school from 49% in 2014 to 55% in 2025.

Williams Rail Review (2018)

Proposed ‘Hierarchy of Road Users’ which places those road

Road Investment Strategy 2:

users most at risk in the event of a collision at the top of the

 

2020-2025 (2020)

 

hierarchy.

Creation of the Major Road

Cycling is or will become mass transit and must be treated as

 

Network: Government Response

 

such.

 

(2018)

 

A more reliable railway, an expanded network, a better deal for

UK National Adaptation

passengers. Placing the passenger at the heart of the passenger

 

Programme (2018)

 

rail industry.

 

 

 

 

A strategic road network that supports the economy, and is safer

 

 

and more reliable, greener, more integrated, and smarter.

 

 

Creating a Major Road Network (MRN) across England to cover

 

 

the busiest and most economically important local authority A

 

 

roads.

 

 

Planning for the impacts of climate change, rather than reacting to

 

 

it, is the best way to ensure the resilience of our networks and

 

 

highway infrastructure, which in turn will help reduce costs.

 

 

 

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Environment and planning

 

 

 

 

 

A Green Future: Our 25 Year

In June 2019, the Climate Change Act (2008) was amended

 

Plan to Improve the Environment

 

committing the UK to set a legal target to reach net zero carbon

 

(2018)

 

emissions by 2050.

UK Plan for Tackling Roadside

UK commitment to make best efforts to undertake ambitious

 

Nitrogen Dioxide Concentrations

 

efforts to combat climate change and adapt to its effects (Paris

 

(2017)

 

Agreement on Climate Change)

Road to Zero Strategy (2018)

Protecting and improving the environment.

Clean Air Strategy (2019)

Decarbonising transport and improving air quality (switch to

Climate Change Act (amended

 

ULEVs, Clean Air Zones, etc.)

 

2019) / Paris Convention on

Target: At least 50% of new cars are ULEV in 2030

 

Climate Change

Sale of petrol and diesel cars to end in 2040

 

 

More green infrastructure.

 

 

 

 

National Planning Policy

Sustainable development, which supports economic, social and

 

Framework (NPPF) (2019)

 

environmental dimensions.

Planning for the Future White

Proposed reforms of the planning system to streamline and

 

Paper (2020)

 

modernise the planning process to bring a new focus to design

NPS for National Networks

 

and sustainability.

 

(2014)

National networks that support a competitive economy and high

NPS for Airports (2018)

 

quality of life.

 

 

New Northwest Runway at Heathrow Airport (but recent

 

 

 

uncertainty about whether this will go ahead, due to climate

 

 

 

change considerations).

 

 

 

Society (communities and health)

 

 

 

 

 

A connected society - A strategy

Focus on addressing practical issues around community space

 

for tackling loneliness (2018)

 

and transport in order to tackle loneliness.

Inclusive Transport Strategy

Creating an inclusive transport system for disabled travellers.

 

(2018)

Support for community rail organisations wishing to make use of

Connecting communities with the

 

unused or underused railway property.

 

railways: the community rail

Role of transport in health:

 

development strategy (2018)

 

- Role of walking and cycling in increasing physical activity,

Walking and Cycling Investment

 

helping to reduce chronic health conditions, reduce injury risk,

 

Strategy (2017)

 

improve quality of life, and increased productivity and reduced

UK Plan for Tackling Roadside

 

absenteeism at work.

 

Nitrogen Dioxide Concentrations

Reducing the severe health effects of NOx on vulnerable groups.

 

(2017)

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Figure 3 Summary of national policy context

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2.2 Economic growth and development

The UK’s Industrial Strategy White Paper (2017) sets out plans for building a Britain fit for the future, creating a stronger, fairer and more productive economy that will allow us to prosper in the world. Infrastructure is one of five foundations identified as essential for increasing productivity and improving quality of life. The strategy identifies the importance of transport investment in connecting people and businesses, and to moving goods efficiently to their markets.

It describes four “Grand Challenges” to put the UK at the forefront of the industries of the future, including “become a world leader in shaping the future of mobility”. Early priorities include:

establish a flexible regulatory framework to encourage new modes of transport and new business models;

address the challenges of moving from hydrocarbon to zero emission vehicles;

prepare for a future of new mobility services, increased autonomy, journey sharing and a blurring of the distinctions between private and public transport;

explore ways to use data to accelerate development of new mobility services and enable the more effective operation of our transport system.

Additionally, the Clean Growth Strategy (2017) outlines the government’s method for ensuring that the UK continues to grow economically, whilst reducing its emissions. The strategy notes that changes to the transport network will be fundamental for reducing emissions and describes in depth how it expects to encourage a shift to low carbon transport. It outlines a 2032 pathway to achieve a 57% reduction in carbon emissions (compared to 1990), based on:

accelerating uptake of ULEVs;

developing a more efficient and low carbon freight system;

a cleaner public transport system;

a reduction in the number of shorter journeys made by car; and

a near doubling of sustainable bioenergy used in the transport sector.

The Housing White Paper: Fixing our broken housing market (2017) sets out the support the Government will provide to enhance the capacity of local authorities and industry to build the new homes this country needs, focusing on: planning for the right homes in the right places; building homes faster; and diversifying the housing market and construction industry. The government wishes to ensure the housing market delivers outcomes that are more closely matched to the needs and aspirations of all households and support wider economic prosperity. The paper also sets out how it expects professions and institutions to play their part and turn the proposals into reality.

2.3 Transport

The Single Departmental Plan for the Department for Transport (2019) sets out the government’s overall mission to create a safe, secure, efficient and reliable transport system that works for the people who depend on it; supporting a strong, productive economy and the jobs and homes people need.

The Transport Investment Strategy (2017) sets out how the Government is responding to

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today’s transport challenges through transport investment, delivering the Industrial Strategy, while putting the travelling public at the heart of transport decision-making. Specifically, it sets out four main objectives which DfT investment decisions should focus on:

Create a transport network that works for users, wherever they live;

Improve productivity and rebalance growth across the UK;

Enhance our global competitiveness by making Britain a more attractive place to invest;

Support the creation of new housing.

Decarbonising Transport: Setting the Challenge (2020) outlines plans to work with those in the transport sector to develop a Transport Decarbonisation Plan (TDP), which will be published ahead of the 2020 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Conference in November 2020. The TDP will put forward a credible implementation plan of how to put the UK’s entire transport system on a pathway to deliver the necessary GHG emissions reduction. (“Whilst we know the scale of the challenge, we do not currently know the optimal path for delivering a decarbonised transport network)

The document sets out the role of transport in contributing to greenhouse gas emissions, and for each mode (including delivering goods and services), it describes:

the current position of the sector versus historical emissions;

current government aims and targets;

current policies to deliver the targets and planned future work.

It states that the DfT are “consulting on bringing forward the end to the sale of new petrol and diesel vehicles to 2035 (from 2040), or earlier if a faster transition appears feasible, as well as including hybrids for the first time. As part of this consultation, we are asking stakeholders to understand what the accompanying package of support will need to be to enable the transition and minimise the impacts on businesses and consumers across the UK, building on the significant demand and supply side measures already in place. We plan to conclude the consultation in the summer 2020.”

It also discusses the current trajectory and shows that DfT’s current central projection for domestic transport emissions (based on firm and funded policies) shows a steady fall, but that the speed of reduction is much slower than is likely t